The term ear infection is in most cases misleading, since the initial cause is usually inflammation which may end up leading to infection by typical ear flora.
Chronic and frequently recurring cases are usually due to allergies.
Allergies may be due to fleas, food, or environmental allergens.
Initially a thorough examination and history are taken and the ear is being checked externally
and internally in order to assess all the visible structures of the external ear. Since some dogs
and cats may be in pain and their ears could be extremely difficult to examine, anesthesia may
be required in order to clean and thoroughly examine , and treat the ear.
Middle and inner ear infections are usually a result of chronic cases in which the tympanic
membrane (ear drum) may be ruptured, leading to head tilt and vertigo.
Treating the ears with newer medications that are installed into the ear once, rather than daily, is sometimes more effective when it is difficult for the owner or the pet to clean the ears thoroughly or install medication.
Proper diagnosis is usually involved with checking the ears with an otoscope as well as performing ear cytology, culture and allergies testing.
Ear related problems are very common in our everyday
caseload in the veterinary field and when addressed promptly resolve faster which means less discomfort to your pet and your pocket.